Guide to T Ursae Majoris

A Mira type variable, located not far from the star Delta Ursae Majoris, that reaches maximum every 8.5 months.

t uma

T Ursae Majoris is a red giant star. Its brightness variations are primarily due to pulsations in its outer layers. These pulsations not only cause that star to expand and contract slightly, they also affect its surface temperature. The cooling phase allows some very simple molecules to form and these then dissociate during the warming phase. Absorption of light by these molecules leads to small irregularities in the light curve and hence the star doesn’t brighten and fade at a constant rate.

The brightness variations don’t repeat exactly from one cycle to the next – it is not unusual for successive maxima to differ in brightness by half a magnitude or more – indeed, the spring 2015 peak (mag 6.6) and January 2016 peak (mag 8.3) differed by nearly 2 magnitudes!  Similarly, predictions for the dates of future maxima will always be uncertain by a week or two.


Extreme brightness range 6.6 – 13.5
More typical range 7.7 – 12.9
Period of variation 257 days (approx 8.5 months)
Frequency of observation Worth checking a few times per month
Observe using 50-80mm binoculars. A telescope will be required to follow it all the way down to minimum
Visibility Circumpolar – can be observed all year round,
Dates of maxima Early June 2017, Late February 2018 , Mid November 2018

The following finder charts show the location of T Ursae Majoris.

The first shows the wider view. Delta UMa can be a good starting point when using binoculars to location T UMa.

Chart for T UMa

The second chart, which is approx 7 deg x 4 deg, shows the binocular view.

You can monitor the changes in T UMa, by comparing its brightness with that of the lettered comparison stars.

Chart for T UMa